Drying'92
Proceedings of the 8th International Drying Symposium (IDS '92)

Montreal, Quebec, Canada, August 2-5, 1992
Elsevier

edited by A.S. Mujumdar

Department of Chemical Engineering,
McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Exergex Corporation, Brossard, Quebec, Canada

Part B
Contents

part A
PART B
Section IX.
DRYING OF PAPER
911
A Simulation Model for Paper Machine Dryer Section
M. Karlsson, VTT, Jyvaskyla, Finland; J. Paltakari, Helsinki Univ. of Technology, Espoo, Finland
913
Optimizing Efficiency of Short Wave Infrared Dryer
F. Evin, Electricite de France, Moret-sur-Loing, France
924
The Potential for Higher Drying Rates in Cylinder Drying of Paper
.D. Lindsay, Inst. of Paper Science and Tech., Atlanta, GA, USA; A. Haberl and D. Poirier, ABB Flakt Ross Inc., LaSalle, Quebec, Canada
931
Theoretical and Experimental Investigation of Paper Drying Using Gas-Fired IR Dryer
H.-D. Kuang, J. Thibault, B.P.A. Grandjean Universite Laval, Saint-Foy, Quebec, Canada; R. Chen, CRPP, Universite du Quebec a Trois-Rivieres, Trois-Rivieres, uebec, Canada
941
A Drying Comparison of Radial Jet Reattachment and Standard In-Line Jet Impingement
D.K. Habetz, RH. Page, J. Seyed-Yagoobi, Texas A&M University, Texas, USA
953
Measurements of Thermal Contact Conductance for a Paper/Metal Interface and Effective Conductivity of Machine Samples
A.D. Stevens, M.C. Asensio and J. Seyed-Yagoobi, Texas A&M University, Texas, USA
963
Analysis of Heat and Mass nansfer During Drying of Paper/Board
Sridharan Ramaswamy, Hercules Inc., Wilmington, DE, USA; R.A. Holm, Suny College of Environ. Sci. and Forestry, Syracuse, N.Y., USA
973
The Influence of the Fabric on Contact Coefficients and Heat Transfer in Paper Drying
B. Wilhelmsson, L. Nilsson, S. Stenstrom, University of Lund, Lund, Sweden; L. Fagerholm, NordiskaFilt AB, Halmstad, Sweden
984
The Role of Local Nonuniformity in Through Drying of Paper
V.G. Gomes, R.H. Crotogino and W.J.M. Douglas, McGil1 University, Montreal, Canada
994
The Role of Vapor Formation in High-Intensity Drying
J.D. Lindsay, Inst. of Paper Science and Technology, Atlanta, GA, USA; R.A. Holm, SUNY College of Environ. Sci. and Forestry, Syracuse, NY USA Sridharan Ramaswamy, Hercules, Inc. Research Center, Wilmington, DE, USA
1007
Diffusion Mechanisms in a Sheet of Paper
Y. Lescanne, C. Moyne, ENSEM - LEMTA, Vandoeuvre Les Nancy, France; P. Perre, Ecole Nationale du Genie Rural et des Eaux et Forets, Nancy, France
1017
Structure of Near-Wall Turbulence for Impingement Heat/Mass Transfer
K. Kataoka, K. Minamiura, A. Onishi and H. Kawasaki, Kobe University, Kobe, Japan
1027
Optical Properties of Wet Paper and Simulation of the Effect of Autoprofiling on Gas-Fired IR Drying
K.T. Ojala and M.J. Lampinen, Helsinki Univ. of Tech., Espoo, Finland
1039
Contribution to Modelling of the Contact Drying of Paper
W.Z. Tarnawski, Technical Univ. of Lodz, Lodz, Poland
1051
Yankee Hoods: Development of a Theroetical Model to Optimize Thermal and Electrical Efficiency
Victor Schukov and John Wozny, Enerquin Air Inc., Montreal, Quebec, Canada
1067
Energy Recovery From Humid Air in Pulp and Paper Drying Processes
L. Eidensten, G. Svedberg, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
1075
Close-Cycle Heat Pump Dryer Using Superheated Steam - An Application to Paper Drying
A.A. Nassikas, C.B. Akritidis, Aristotle Univ. of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece; A.S. Mujumdar, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
1085
Some Preliminary Studies of Impulse Drying of Paper at Moderate Temperatures and Pressures
O. Timofeev, A. Belskii, Tech. Inst. for the Pulp and Paper Industry, St. Petersburg, Russia; A.S. Mujumdar, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
1099
Exergy Analysis of Super-Heated Steam Yankee Dryer
Guan-Sheng Zhang and Hong-Tai Wang, Tianjin Inst. of Light Industry, Tianjin, P.R China
1108
Effective Vapour Diffusivity in Paper
L. Nilsson, B. Wilhelmsson, S. Stenstrom, University of Lund, Lund, Sweden
1115
Prediction of Industrial Dryer Performance using Neural Network
B. Huang and A.S. Mujumdar, McGill University, Montreal, Canada
1124
Section X.
DRYING OF WOOD
1133
Kinetics of Wood Wafer Drying
F. Laytner, MacMillan Bloedel Research, Burnaby, B.C., Canada; N. Epstein, J.R Grace and K.L. Pinder, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C., Canada
1135
A Model for Non-Fickian Sorption of Water Vapour in Wood
Lars Wadso, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
1145
Investigation of Heartwood/Sapwood and Wood Anisotropy Influence on Timber Drying by a Two-Dimensional Simulation Model
Jarl-Gunnar Salin, CTS Consulting Ltd., EKONO Corp., Helsinki, Finland
1154
Section XI.
DRYING OF ADVANCED MATERIALS
1163
Numerical Simulation of the Drying Process for Structural Ceramics
J.F.M. Velthuis, A.J. Dalhuijsen, M. Riepen, TNO Institute of Applied Physics, Delft, The Netherlands
1165
The Drying of Thin Polymeric Films with Application in Microelectronic Processing
Gheorghita Jinescu, Dan V. Nicolau, Florin I. Fulga Polytechnical Institute Bucharest, Bucharest, Romania
1172
Effect of Drying Process on Quality Control in Ceramic Production (Invited)
Masanobu Hasatani and Yoshinori Itaya, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan
1181
R & D Needs in Drying of Advanced Electroceramics
Karun Malhotra and Yukio Sakabe, Murata Manufacturing Co. Ltd., Kyoto, Japan
1199
Steam Drying of Ceramic Spheres - Experiments and Simulations
Magnus Hermansson, Roland Wimmerstedt, University of Lund, Lund, Sweden
1215
Section XII.
INDUSTRIAL DRYING
1225
Sludge Drying - General and Economical Aspects
Johanna Nygren and Markku Karlsson, Lappeenranta University of Technology, Lappeenranta, Finland; Seppo Palosaari, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan
1227
An Analytical Approach to Protective Vent Sizing in Dryers
I. Filkova, IFP, Praha, Czechoslovakia, V. Vanecek, Le Van Hien, Czech Technical University, Praha, Czechoslovakia
1236
Entrainment from an Industrial Rotary Dryer
Rachel C. Anderson and Karl V. Jacob, The Dow Chemical Co., Midland, MI, USA
1248
A Short-Cut Design Method for Cascading Rotary Dryers
S.E. Papadakis, I.C. Kemp, R.E. Bahu, Harwell Laboratory, Oxfordshire, U.K.; T.A.G. Langrish, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
1258
Simulation of Industrial Dryers: Solving Numerical and Computer Problems
F. Courtois, ENSIA, Massy, France; A. Lebert, J.J. Bimbenet, INRA, Massy, France; J.C. Lasseran, ITCF, Boigneville, France
1268
Steam Atmosphere Drying Concepts Using Steam Exhaust Recompression
Francis A. DiBella, Tecogen Inc., Waltham, MA, USA
1278
Drying System for Poly-Vinyl Acetate - A Hygroscopic and Heat Sensitive Polymer
P.K. Arora and Rohit M. Shalt, Kilburn Engineering Ltd., Bombay, India
1293
Industrial Drying of Pasty and Plastic Materials in a Fluidized Bed
Z. Beran, VUCHZ a.s. Brno, Brno, CSFR
1303
Drying of S-PVC - A State-of the-Art Review
Rohit M. Shah and P.K. Arora, Kilburn Engineering Ltd., Bombay, India
1311
Principles of Pressure Nutsche Filter-Dryer Technology
Barry A. Perlmutter, Rosenmund Inc., Charlotte, N.C., USA
1321
Computer Aided Optimum Design of Double Drum Rotary Dryer
S. Bhattacharya, S. Majumder, Jadavpur University, Calcutta, India; S. Chakladar, APPTECH Engineers Private Ltd., Calcutta, India
1330
Section XIII.
DRYING OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS
1339
Development of a Drying Procedure Following Matriconditioning of Snap Bean Seeds
W. Ptasznik, J. Barnard, A.A. Khan, Cornell University, Geneva, N. Y., USA
1341
Effect of Water Binding on the Drying Behaviour of Potato
N. Wang and J. G. Brennan, Univ. of Reading, Reading, U.K.
1350
Effect of Drying Conditions and of Blanching on Drying Kinetics and Color of Mint (Mentha Spicata Huds) and Basil (Ocimum Basilicum)
T. Rocha, A. Lebert, C. Marty Audouin, ENSIA, Massy, France
1360
Intluence of Airflow, Loading Rates and Size Sorting on the Drying of American Ginseng
K.B. van Dalfsen, B.C. Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, Abbotsford, B.C, Canada; W.G. Bailey and Y. Guo, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, B.C., Canada
1370
Control of Post-Harvesting Processes
I. Farkas, University of Agricultural Sciences, Godollo, Hungary; T. Nybrant, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden
1379
Temperature- and Moisture-Dependent Diffusivity of Moisture in Rice Kernel
S. Yamaguchi, Toyama University, Toyama, Japan
1389
Heat and Moisture Transfer Between Ducts in an Industrial Cereal Drier
L. Sun, G. Arnaud, J.-P. Fohr, URA CNRS, Poitiers, France
1399
Particles Flow in Industrial Grain Driers
M. Chaabouni, D. Flick, O. Techasena, CEMAGREF, Antony, France
1409
Nutritional Evaluation of a Fresh Sweet Corn Drum-Drying Process
A. Rosenthal, EMBRAPA/CTAA, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; V. C. Sgarbieri, UNICAMP/FEA, Cidade Universitaņa, Campinas, Brazil
1419
Study on Drying Characteristics of Rough Rice by Two-Tank Model
K. Toyoda, Kobe University, Kobe, Japan
1426
Factors Influencing the Drying Behaviour of Copra
C.K. Sankat, D.R McGaw, A.M.H. Bailey, The University of the West Indies, Trinidad, W.I.
1436
Conservation of High-Moisture Dried Apricots
J. Caņellas, G Rossell? A. Torres, S. Simal, Univ. Illes Baleares, Palma de Mallorca, Spain; A. Mulet, Univ. Politecnica Valencia, Valencia, Spain; A. Berna, Univ. Valencia, Valencia, Spain
1446
Drying of Corn Kernels in a Flotation Fluidized Bed Influence of the Operating Conditions of Product Quality
M. Mourad, M. Hemati and C. Laguerie, URA CNRS, ENSIGC, Toulouse, France
1456
The Selection of Simple Indirect Solar Rice Dryers
P.H. Oosthuizen, Queen's University, Kingston, Canada
1465
Thermodynamic and Energetic Evaluation of a Heat Pump Applied to the Drying of Vegetables
S.J. Rossi, L.C. Neves, T.G. Kieckbusch, UNICAMP, Campinas, Brazil
1475
Surface Wave Applicator as a Tool for Microwave Drying of Particulates
R.G. Bosisio, M. Giroux, Universite de Montreal, Montreal, Canada; U.S. Shivhare, G.S.V. Raghavan, McGill University, Montreal, Canada
1485
The Moisture Transfer in Partially Circulated Drying and the Moisture Distribution in its End Products
F.D. Zhang, E.D. Tian, Northeast Agricultural College, Harbin, P.R. China
1493
Drying Simulation of "Carioca" Beans in Cross-Flow
L.G.S. Vasconcelos and O.L. Sanclaez de Alsina, Univ. Federal da Paraiba, Paraiba, Brazil
1500
Drying of "Umbu" Pulp in Spouted Bed: Characteristic Curves
M.F.M de Lima, Univ. Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil; M.M. de Almeida, L.G.S. Vasconcelos and O.L.S. de Alsina, Univ. Federal da Paraiba, Paraiba, Brazil
1508
Heat and Mass Transfer Through a Thick Bed of Cocoa Beans Under Stationary and Transient Inlet Conditions
J. Nganhou, D. Lecomte, ENSP, Yaounde, Cameroun; P. Dumargue, Universite de Poitiers, Poitiers, France
1514
Drying of Seeds in Cross-Flow Moving Bed: Mechanical Effect and Air Humidity
D.J.M. Sarto? Federal University of Sao Carlos, Sao Carlos, Brazil
1524
Batch Through-Flow Drying of Cassava Cubes with and without Intervenient Explosion Puffing
W Tanthapanichakoon, Chulalongkom University, Bangkok Thailand
1534
Thin Layer Airflow Drying of Sword Bean After Pretreatment
M. Zhang, C Wang, G Li, L. Liu, Northeast Agr. College, Harbin, P.R.China
1544
Application of Response Surface Methods in Grain Drying Research
U.S. Shivhare, P. Alvo, G.S.V. Raghavan, F.R van de Voort, A.S. Mujumdar McGill University, Montreal, Canada
1549
Effect of Bed-Height on Drying of Shelled Corn in a Two-Dimensional Spouted Bed Equipped With Drafl Plates
T.N. Tulasidas, T. Kudra, G.S.V. Raghavan, A.S. Mujumdar, McGill University, Montreal, Canada
1564
Section XIV.
NOVEL DRYERS
1571
A Simple Model for Superheated Steam Drying of Black Liquor Films
P. Ramamurthy, A.S. Mujumdar, A.R.P. van Heiningen, G.J. Kubes, McGill University, Montreal, Montreal, Canada
1573
The Contact-Sorption Method in Drying of Bio-Product
J. Adamiec, C. Strumillo, Technical University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland
1584
Pressurized Drying in a Fluid Bed with Steam
A.S. Jensen, NIRO A/S, Soeborg, Denmark
1593
Vapor Fluidized Bed Drying Under Partial Vacuum
H.J. Stamato, Glatt Air Techniques Inc., Ramsey, N.J., USA
1602
Drying of Fine Particle Slurry by a Powder-Particle Fluidized Bed
K. Kato, N. Nakagawa, K. Ohsawa, T. Takarada, Gunma University, Gunma, Japan
1613
Studies on the Kinetics of Drying in Aero-Vibrofluidized Bed of Porous Particles
A. Szalay, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Veszprem, Hungary; K. Erdesz, Laboratory of Environmental Protection, Veszprem, Hungary
1623
Closed-Cycle Mechanically Spouted Bed Dryer
T. Szentmarjay, A. Szalay, E. Pallai, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Veszprem, Hungary; T. Schleicher, United Chemical Works, Budapest, Hungary
1631
Rotating-Pulsed Fluidized Bed Dryer for High-Moisture Content Bioproducts
V.R Elenkov, T.G. Djurkov, Institute of Biotechnics, Plovdiv, Bulgaria
1636
Drying of Solids in the Centrifugal Field
G. Jinescu, P. Vasilescu, V. Dumitru, Polytechnic Inst., Bucharest, Romania
1642
Experimental and Theoretical Study of Drying in Cyclone
M. Aparecida Silva and S. Azucena Nebra, UNICAMP, Campinas, Brazil
1651
Automatic Moisture Control of Particulate Dryers
P.L. Douglas, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada; G.R Sullivan and M.G. Whaley, Dantec Systems Ltd., Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
1665
Section XV.
MISCELLANEOUS TOPICS
1677
Banana Dehydration: Osmotic, Air and Solar Effects
C.I Sankat, The Univ. of the West Indies, Trinidad, W.I.; F. Castaigne, Laval University, Quebec, Canada
1679
Solar-Assisted Osmotic Dehydration
S. Grabowski and A.S. Mujumdar, McGill University, Montreal, Canada
1689
Solar Drying of Fish in Peoples Republic of Angola
A.A.P. Garcia, P.M. Alexandre, Agostinho Neto University, Luanda, Angola M.A. Boizan, High Polytechnical Institute, Santiago de Cuba, Cuba
1697
Characteristics of the Electrical Conductivity Measuring as a Fundamental Control Parameter in the Application of Freeze Drying Strategies
J.I. Lombraņa, M. C. Villaran, Univ. of Pais, Bilbao, Spain
1709
Heat and Mass Transfer Enhancement in Drying Labile Materials
E.G. Tutova, Byelorussian Academy of Sciences, Minsk, Belarus
1719
Experimental Research on Optimizing Drying of Biological Material
Z. Chu, J. Liu, X. Meng, Q. Wang, S. Jiao, Tianjin University, Tianjin, P.R. China
1729
Cost-Optimal Filter Outlet / Dryer Inlet Moisture Content
K.-E. Militzer, Dresden University of Technology, Dresden, Germany
1739
Expert System for Synthesis of Structures of Drying Installations for Dispersive Materials
S.L. Nevenkin, G.I. Chavdarov, Technical University, Sofia, Bulgaria
1745
An Investigation on a Rush Drying - Fundamental Experiments and Analysis
K. Kawasaki, Yatusiro National College, Yatusiro, Japan; S. Itoh, M. Fujita, Kumamoto University, Kumamoto, Japan; S. Ishibashi, M. Aiura, WAKO Co. Ltd., Chikugo City, Japan
1752
An Investigation on a Rush Drying by the Heated Blower Type Dryer - A Bulk Type Dryer
S. Itoh, M. Fujita, Kumamoto University, Kumamoto, Japan; K. Kawasaki, Yatusiro National College, Yatusiro, Japan; S. Ishibasi, M. Aiura, WAKO Co. Ltd., Chikugo City, Japan
1760
A Psychrometer for Measurement of Air Humidity at High Temperatures
S.C.S. Rocha, FEQ/UNICAMP, Campinas, Brazil; L.J.G. de Faria, UFPA, BELEM, Brazil
1768
Prediction of Pore Pressure in Refractory Concrete Produced by Firing
Z.-X. Gong, G.-S. Zhang, Tianjin Inst. of Light Industry, Tianjin, P.R. China; A.S. Mujumdar, McGill University, Montreal, Canada
1780
Calculations of the State Variables of Moist Air
S.-Q. Li, Z.-X. Gong, Tianjin Inst. of Light Industry, Tianjin, P.R. China; A.S. Mujumdar, McGill University, Montreal, Canada
1790
Macroscopic Behaviour of Moisture During Drying of Aerated Concrete Under Temperature Gradient - An Experimental Study
J.A.B. da Cunha Neto, J.-P. Laurent, J.-F. Daian, CNRS/Universite J. Fourier/INPG, Grenoble, France
1798
The Role of Laboratory Drying Curves in Practice
M. Tsamparlis, University of Athens, Athens, Greece
1808
Analysis of Pressurized Electroosmotic Dewatering of Semisolid Sludge
H. Yoshida and A. Yasuda, Oyama College of Technology, Oyama, Japan
1814
Drying Thermogram and its Application to Dryer Design
B. Cermak, National Res. Inst. for Machine Design, Praha, CSFR
1822
Drying in Complex Technology of Water-Glass Powder
M. Macuch, B. Rojko, Vzduchotechnika, Nove Mestro, CSFR; J. Surovec, ANSIL, Trencin, CSFR; B. Cermak National Res. Inst. for Machine Design, Praha, CSFR
1832
Equilibrium Moisture Relations of Alfalfa Pellets
O.O. Fasina and S. Sokhansanj, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada
1840
Drying Rates of Alfalfa Component Parts
R.T. Patil and S. Sokhansanj, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada
1850
Drying Characteristics of Pretreated Pigeonpea (Cajanus Cajan)
K.K. Singh and B.D. Shukla, Central Inst. of Agricultural Eng., Bhopal, India
1858
Constraints in Commercial Utilization of Grain Drying Technology in Asia
B.D. Shukla and K.K. Singh, Central Inst. of Agricultural Eng., Bhopal, India
1865
Peat Dryers - Operating Experiences of Commercial Units
D. Asplund, R Impola and E. Torikka, Technical Research Centre of Finland, Jyvaskyla, Finland
1876
Dewatering Through Immersion in Sugar/Salt Concentrated Solutions at Low Temperature - An Interesting Alternative for Animal Foodstuffs Stabilisation
A. Collignan and A.L. Raoult Wack, CIRAD-SAR-GTA, Montpellier, France
1887
Enhancing the Filtration of Bio/Fiber Sludge by the Electro-Acoustic Method
T.K. Tuori, Technical Research Centre of Finland, Jyvaskyla, Finland
1897
Research and Development of New Ways in Drying in Czechoslovakia
Z. Viktorin, K. Houska, P. Hrabak and F. Krizek, National Research, Institute for Machine Design, Prague, CSFR
1914
Modelling, Simulation & Control of Rotary Sugar Dryers
P.L. Douglas, A. Kwade, S.IC Mallick, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Canada P.L. Lee, University of Queensland, St. Lucia, Australia; M.G. Whaley, Dantec Systems Corporation, Waterloo, Canada
1928
Particle Size Distribution of L-Lysine Dried in Jet-Spouted Bed
S. Grabowski, A.S. Mujumdar, H.S. Ramaswamy, McGill University, Montreal, Canada; C. Strumillo, Technical University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland
1940

Contributors Index
1949


IDS'92 - part A