DRYING'86

ed. A.S. Mujumdar


Volume I


Contents v
Preface xv
Acknowledgements xvii
Section I
Keynote Lectures
Advances in Transport Phenomena and Thermodynamics in the Drying of Cellular Food Systems
E. Rotstein, Argentina
1
Electrical Methods for Drying
C.L. Lopez-Cacicedo, U.K.
12
A Finite Element Investigation into Heat and Mass Transfer in Porous Materials with Particular Reference to Ground Freezing
R.W. Lewis, W.K. Sze and P.M. Roberts, U.K
22
Post-Filtration Processes and Their Impact on Drying
R.J. Wakeman, U.K.
30
Section II
Drying Theory and Modelling
Moisture Distribution During the Constant Rate Drying Period for Unconsolidated Porous Media: Failure of the Diffusion Theory
S. Chen and S. Whitaker, U.S.A.
39
A Simplified Calculation Method for the Isothermal Drying of Solid and Hollow Systems with any Degree of Shrinkage
W.J. Coumans and H.A.C. Thijssen, The Netherlands
49
A Multi-Dimensional Model Describing the Lyophilization of a Pharmaceutical Product in a Vial
M.M. Tang, A.I. Liapis and J.M. Marchello, U.S.A.
57
Simulation of the Convective Drying of Capillary-Porous Materials
A.C. Oliveira and E.O. Fernandes, Portugal
65
Measured and Estimated Temperature in Convective and Conductive Drying of a Liquid Film
I. Sjoholm and B. Hallstrom, Sweden
71
Internal and Superficial Temperature of Solids During Drying
E. Wolff and J.J. Bimbenet, France
77
Diffusion Coefficient Based on the Assumption of Similar Concentration Distribution
Y. Sano, and S. Yamamoto, Japan
85
Modelling of the Drying of Refractory Concrete
G. Dhatt, M. Jacquemier and C. Kadje, France
94
Heat and Mass Transfer Predetermination Between a Drying Material and an External Flow
M. Prat, France
105
Analytical Prediction of Drying Rate Curves
V. Strongin and I. Borde, Israel
112
Moisture Diffusion in Synthetic Polymer Filament Packed Beds
L.V. Albert and E.C. Macia, Spain
119
Computer Simulation of Adsorption Drying Processes
R. Hsieh, U.S.A.
127
Dynamic Model for Batch Drying of a Well-Stirred Bed of Solids
K. Viswanathan, M.S. Lyall and S.C. Dhingra, India
135
Modeling and Optimum Operating Conditions of a Through-Flow Dryer
W. Tanthapanichakoon, K. Phanaraya and T. Loychirakui, Thailand
142
An Exact Solution of the Sublimation Problem in a Porous Medium Accounting for the Effect of Coupled Heat and Mass Transfer
Y. Donghua and Y. Ding, China
149
Section III
Drying of Granular Materials
Contact Drying of Mechanically Agitated Particulate Material at the Presence of Inert Gas
E. Tsotsas, and E.U. Schlunder, F.R.G.
157
Hydrodynamic Similarity of Conventional and Vibrated Fluidized Beds
K. Erdesz (Hungary), A.S. Mujumdar (Canada) and D.U. Ringer, F.R.G.
169
Drying of Paste-Like Materials in Vibro-Fluidized Bed of Inert Packing
K. Erdesz and Z. Ormos, U.S.A
177
Spouting Behaviour of Wet Solids
K. Patel, J. Bridgwater, C.G. Baker and T. Schneider, U.K.
183
Analytic and Experimental Study for Accelerating and Decelerating Movement of Particles in Pneumatic Conveyer Dryer
G. Xu, China
190
Heat Transfer from Submerged Cylinder Moving in Granular Bed
T. Ohmori, M. Miyahara, M. Okazaki and R. Toei, Japan
197
Analysis of Simultaneous Drying and Coating of Tablets in a Spouted Bed
J. Kucharski and A. Kmiec, Poland
204
A Model for the Movement of Heat and Moisture in Stored Grains as a Result of Mold Respiration
E.A. Lissik and N. Latif, U.S.A.
218
Hybrid Drying of Coals by Combined Radiative and Convective Heating
M. Hasatani, Y. Itaya and K. Miura, Japan
227
Computer Control of Fluidized Bed Dryer with Varying Temperature Condition
V. Ravi, S. Sundaramoorthy and V.S. Ramachandra Rao, India
232
Vacuum Contact Drying of Particulate Material Wetted by Binary Mixtures
F. Heimann, and E.U. Schlunder, F.R.G.
238
A New Chemical Plating Method for the Measurement of the Effective Evaporating Area of a Heating Plate at the Bottom of a Packed Bed
T. Tachiwaki, T. Uchida, and H. Uyeha, Japan
251
Drying of Granulated Solids I
G. Jinescu and A. Iacobini, Romania
260
ITE Method for Determining Drying Kinetics of Solid Granular Materials
M. Stefanovic and S. Nesic
265
Multiobjective Optimization of Spouted Bed Drying
C. Strumillo, I. Zbicinski, S. Grabowski and A. Kraslawski, Poland
269
Section IV
Spray Drying
Drying of Liquid-Solid Slurry Droplets
N. Abuaf and F.W. Staub, U.S.A
277
Spray Drying with Plasma-Heated Water Vapor
M.P. Amelot and W.H. Gauvin, Canada
285
The Experimental Study of Technical Parameters in Centrifugal Spray Drying Process
X. Ji-xuan and Z. Zeng-yan, China
291
The Use of a 'Low-NOx' Gas Burner for Direct Fired Heating of a Spray Drier During Milk Powder Manufacture
P.M. Kelly and J.I. Gray
297
A Mathematical Model for Countercurrent Spray Drying of Highly Concentrated and Superheated MAP Solution
W. Yuan and F. Jufu, China
305
Evaporation and Entropy Generation Histories of Atomized Spray of Non-Uniform Liquid Droplets in a Stream of Hot Gas
S.K. Som, India
314
Section V
Drying of Paper and Wood Products
Preliminary Design Study of a Combustion-Heated Impulse Dryer for Paper Drying
M.E. Nishtingale and F.W. Ahrens, U.S.A.
324
Some Structural Effects on the Diffusional and Fluid Flow Frictional Resistance of Paper Webs Undergoing Hot-Surface Drying
J.A. Lehtinen, Finland
332
A Mathematical Model of High Intensity Paper Drying
J.R. Pounder and F.W. Ahrens, U.S.A.
341
MD/CD Shape Deviations of Yankee Dryer Shells ?Causes and Cure
H. Holik, H. Brugger and B. Calaminus, F.R.G.
350
Drying of Paper: Measurement of Moisture Content
M. Rueff and R. Charuel, France
358
Density Development During Impulse Drying of Paper
S.W. Burton, C.H. Sprague and F. Ahrens, U.S.A.
364
Ambient Air Drying of Wood Chips in Thick Layers
G. Arnaud, and J.P. Fohr, France
371
Moisture Distribution During High Temperature Drying of Yellow Poplar
B.A. Adesanya, J.N. Beard, Jr. and A.K. Nanda, U.S.A.
375
A Theoretical Study of Drying: Numerical Simulations Applied to Clay-Brick and Softwood
P. Perre, S.B. Nasrallah and G. Arnaud, France
382
Adaptive Optimal Scheduling and Control of Batch Lumber Kilns Using a Population Balance Model
F. Kayihan, U.S.A.
391
The Effect of Kiln Drying on the Distribution of Paraffin Wax in Stained and Waxed Incense-Cedar Pencil Slats
K.Y. Wu and J. Lim, U.S.A.
401
Section VI
Drying of Foodstuffs and Biomaterials
Drying Characteristics of Minced Fish on Drum Dryers
K.H. Kim and W. Piyarat, Thailand
408
Transport Properties Measurement of Food Sample Undergoing Sublimation Dehydration
Y. Sagara, Japan
413
Cool Drying of a Milk Cream Type Product
E.H. Kubota and J. Cal-Vidal, Brazil
422
Enhanced Thermoresistance of Enzymes by Drying
B.G. Eduardo, A.M. Klibanov and M. Karel, U.S.A.
428
Atmospheric Freeze Drying: Design and Energy Consideration
E. Eolff, Ph. Louvet and H. Gibert, France
432
An Investigation on the Pressure Drop Characteristics and Primary Drying of Coconuts Using Forced Hot Circulation
R. Nampoorthirty, K. Gisuthan, G. Inayatullah and R. Ravikumar, India
440
Fluid Bed Drying of Grated Italian Cheese
M. Horikawa, T. Kudo, T. Fukushima and H. Hayashi, Japan
446
The Influence of Drying Conditions and Pretreatments on Permeability to Water of Grape Skin
P. Masi, Italy
454
?
Author Index xix
Subject Index xxiv