## DRYING'86## ed. A.S. Mujumdar |

Contents | v |

Preface | xv |

Acknowledgements | xvii |

Section I Keynote Lectures | |

Advances in Transport Phenomena and Thermodynamics in the Drying of
Cellular Food Systems E. Rotstein, Argentina |
1 |

Electrical Methods for Drying C.L. Lopez-Cacicedo, U.K. |
12 |

A Finite Element Investigation into Heat and Mass Transfer in Porous
Materials with Particular Reference to Ground Freezing R.W. Lewis, W.K. Sze and P.M. Roberts, U.K |
22 |

Post-Filtration Processes and Their Impact on Drying R.J. Wakeman, U.K. |
30 |

Section II Drying Theory and Modelling | |

Moisture Distribution During the Constant Rate Drying Period for
Unconsolidated Porous Media: Failure of the Diffusion Theory S. Chen and S. Whitaker, U.S.A. |
39 |

A Simplified Calculation Method for the Isothermal Drying of Solid and
Hollow Systems with any Degree of Shrinkage W.J. Coumans and H.A.C. Thijssen, The Netherlands |
49 |

A Multi-Dimensional Model Describing the Lyophilization of a
Pharmaceutical Product in a Vial M.M. Tang, A.I. Liapis and J.M. Marchello, U.S.A. |
57 |

Simulation of the Convective Drying of Capillary-Porous Materials
A.C. Oliveira and E.O. Fernandes, Portugal |
65 |

Measured and Estimated Temperature in Convective and Conductive Drying
of a Liquid Film I. Sjoholm and B. Hallstrom, Sweden |
71 |

Internal and Superficial Temperature of Solids During Drying E. Wolff and J.J. Bimbenet, France |
77 |

Diffusion Coefficient Based on the Assumption of Similar Concentration
Distribution Y. Sano, and S. Yamamoto, Japan |
85 |

Modelling of the Drying of Refractory Concrete G. Dhatt, M. Jacquemier and C. Kadje, France |
94 |

Heat and Mass Transfer Predetermination Between a Drying Material and
an External Flow M. Prat, France |
105 |

Analytical Prediction of Drying Rate Curves V. Strongin and I. Borde, Israel |
112 |

Moisture Diffusion in Synthetic Polymer Filament Packed Beds L.V. Albert and E.C. Macia, Spain |
119 |

Computer Simulation of Adsorption Drying Processes R. Hsieh, U.S.A. |
127 |

Dynamic Model for Batch Drying of a Well-Stirred Bed of Solids K. Viswanathan, M.S. Lyall and S.C. Dhingra, India |
135 |

Modeling and Optimum Operating Conditions of a Through-Flow Dryer
W. Tanthapanichakoon, K. Phanaraya and T. Loychirakui, Thailand |
142 |

An Exact Solution of the Sublimation Problem in a Porous Medium
Accounting for the Effect of Coupled Heat and Mass Transfer Y. Donghua and Y. Ding, China |
149 |

Section III Drying of Granular Materials | |

Contact Drying of Mechanically Agitated Particulate Material at the
Presence of Inert Gas E. Tsotsas, and E.U. Schlunder, F.R.G. |
157 |

Hydrodynamic Similarity of Conventional and Vibrated Fluidized Beds
K. Erdesz (Hungary), A.S. Mujumdar (Canada) and D.U. Ringer, F.R.G. |
169 |

Drying of Paste-Like Materials in Vibro-Fluidized Bed of Inert Packing
K. Erdesz and Z. Ormos, U.S.A |
177 |

Spouting Behaviour of Wet Solids K. Patel, J. Bridgwater, C.G. Baker and T. Schneider, U.K. |
183 |

Analytic and Experimental Study for Accelerating and Decelerating
Movement of Particles in Pneumatic Conveyer Dryer G. Xu, China |
190 |

Heat Transfer from Submerged Cylinder Moving in Granular Bed T. Ohmori, M. Miyahara, M. Okazaki and R. Toei, Japan |
197 |

Analysis of Simultaneous Drying and Coating of Tablets in a Spouted
Bed J. Kucharski and A. Kmiec, Poland |
204 |

A Model for the Movement of Heat and Moisture in Stored Grains as a
Result of Mold Respiration E.A. Lissik and N. Latif, U.S.A. |
218 |

Hybrid Drying of Coals by Combined Radiative and Convective Heating
M. Hasatani, Y. Itaya and K. Miura, Japan |
227 |

Computer Control of Fluidized Bed Dryer with Varying Temperature
Condition V. Ravi, S. Sundaramoorthy and V.S. Ramachandra Rao, India |
232 |

Vacuum Contact Drying of Particulate Material Wetted by Binary
Mixtures F. Heimann, and E.U. Schlunder, F.R.G. |
238 |

A New Chemical Plating Method for the Measurement of the Effective
Evaporating Area of a Heating Plate at the Bottom of a Packed Bed T. Tachiwaki, T. Uchida, and H. Uyeha, Japan |
251 |

Drying of Granulated Solids I G. Jinescu and A. Iacobini, Romania |
260 |

ITE Method for Determining Drying Kinetics of Solid Granular Materials
M. Stefanovic and S. Nesic |
265 |

Multiobjective Optimization of Spouted Bed Drying C. Strumillo, I. Zbicinski, S. Grabowski and A. Kraslawski, Poland |
269 |

Section IV Spray Drying | |

Drying of Liquid-Solid Slurry Droplets N. Abuaf and F.W. Staub, U.S.A |
277 |

Spray Drying with Plasma-Heated Water Vapor M.P. Amelot and W.H. Gauvin, Canada |
285 |

The Experimental Study of Technical Parameters in Centrifugal Spray
Drying Process X. Ji-xuan and Z. Zeng-yan, China |
291 |

The Use of a 'Low-NOx' Gas Burner for Direct Fired Heating of a Spray
Drier During Milk Powder Manufacture P.M. Kelly and J.I. Gray |
297 |

A Mathematical Model for Countercurrent Spray Drying of Highly
Concentrated and Superheated MAP Solution W. Yuan and F. Jufu, China |
305 |

Evaporation and Entropy Generation Histories of Atomized Spray of
Non-Uniform Liquid Droplets in a Stream of Hot Gas S.K. Som, India |
314 |

Section V Drying of Paper and Wood Products | |

Preliminary Design Study of a Combustion-Heated Impulse Dryer for
Paper Drying M.E. Nishtingale and F.W. Ahrens, U.S.A. |
324 |

Some Structural Effects on the Diffusional and Fluid Flow Frictional
Resistance of Paper Webs Undergoing Hot-Surface Drying J.A. Lehtinen, Finland |
332 |

A Mathematical Model of High Intensity Paper Drying J.R. Pounder and F.W. Ahrens, U.S.A. |
341 |

MD/CD Shape Deviations of Yankee Dryer Shells ?Causes and Cure H. Holik, H. Brugger and B. Calaminus, F.R.G. |
350 |

Drying of Paper: Measurement of Moisture Content M. Rueff and R. Charuel, France |
358 |

Density Development During Impulse Drying of Paper S.W. Burton, C.H. Sprague and F. Ahrens, U.S.A. |
364 |

Ambient Air Drying of Wood Chips in Thick Layers G. Arnaud, and J.P. Fohr, France |
371 |

Moisture Distribution During High Temperature Drying of Yellow Poplar
B.A. Adesanya, J.N. Beard, Jr. and A.K. Nanda, U.S.A. |
375 |

A Theoretical Study of Drying: Numerical Simulations Applied to
Clay-Brick and Softwood P. Perre, S.B. Nasrallah and G. Arnaud, France |
382 |

Adaptive Optimal Scheduling and Control of Batch Lumber Kilns Using a
Population Balance Model F. Kayihan, U.S.A. |
391 |

The Effect of Kiln Drying on the Distribution of Paraffin Wax in
Stained and Waxed Incense-Cedar Pencil Slats K.Y. Wu and J. Lim, U.S.A. |
401 |

Section VI Drying of Foodstuffs and Biomaterials | |

Drying Characteristics of Minced Fish on Drum Dryers K.H. Kim and W. Piyarat, Thailand |
408 |

Transport Properties Measurement of Food Sample Undergoing Sublimation
Dehydration Y. Sagara, Japan |
413 |

Cool Drying of a Milk Cream Type Product E.H. Kubota and J. Cal-Vidal, Brazil |
422 |

Enhanced Thermoresistance of Enzymes by Drying B.G. Eduardo, A.M. Klibanov and M. Karel, U.S.A. |
428 |

Atmospheric Freeze Drying: Design and Energy Consideration E. Eolff, Ph. Louvet and H. Gibert, France |
432 |

An Investigation on the Pressure Drop Characteristics and Primary
Drying of Coconuts Using Forced Hot Circulation R. Nampoorthirty, K. Gisuthan, G. Inayatullah and R. Ravikumar, India |
440 |

Fluid Bed Drying of Grated Italian Cheese M. Horikawa, T. Kudo, T. Fukushima and H. Hayashi, Japan |
446 |

The Influence of Drying Conditions and Pretreatments on Permeability
to Water of Grape Skin P. Masi, Italy |
454 |

? | |

Author Index | xix |

Subject Index | xxiv |