IDS96 10th INTERNATIONAL
DRYING SYMPOSIUM
30 July - 2 August 1996, Krak¨®w, Poland

IDS'96 Proceedings Contents
VOLUME B
Section VI.
Drying of Food
741
Heat transfer coefficient in constant rate drying of fish meals with superheated steam
P.I. Alvarez, A. Reyes, R. Blasco
743
Spray-dried and coated powders containing iron: effect on lipid oxidation
Z. Berk, E. Dumoulin
749
Pneumatic drying of fish meals with direct superheated steam
R. Blasco, A. Reyes, P.I. Alvarez
755
Effect of the agglomeration on adsorption properties of milk powder
E. Domian, A. Lenart
763
Operational tests of a pulsed fluid bed dryer/cooler for granulated sugar
Z. Gawrzynski, R. Glaser, J. Zgorzalewicz, Z. Pelech, J. Stanislawski, G. Rogula, B. Pieczaba
771
Water diffusion in dry cured ham
P. Gou, A. Mulet, J. Comaposada, J. Benedito, J. Arnau
778
Comparison of fluidized and spouted bed drying of baker's yeast
S. Grabowski, H.S. Ramaswamy, A.S. Mujumdar, C. Strumillo
785
Computer image analysis of shrinkage during food dehydration
P.P. Lewicki, H. Piechnik
793
The optimal parameters of freezing drying of food
Y. Li, Ch. Wang
801
Drying-induced stress build-up within spaghetti
R. Peczalski, P. Laurent, J. Andrieu, J.C. Boyer, M. Boivin
805
Analogy of thermal and moisture diffusivity in foods at low moistures
G.D. Saravacos, A.E. Kostaropoulos, A.E. Drouzas
817
Use of extrusion cooking to overcome undesirable functional and nutritional properties of hard-to-cook dry bean (Ph. vulgaris L.)
V.C. Sgarbieri, C.F. Ciacco, N.F. Cardoso, C.J. Steel
824
Studies on drying of Australian sweet cherries
G.S. Srzednicki, Y.H. Joeng and R.H. Driscoll
831
Product quality and operational parameters of drying
T. Szentmarjay, E. Pallai, K. Szekrinyessy
839
The influence of osmotic pretreatment on carrot reconstitution properties
D. Witrowa-Rajchert, P.P. Lewicki, A. Lenart
847
Drying of texturized soy protein in moving bed dryers
M.D. Hubinger, F.C. Menegalli
855
Section VII.
Drying of Agricultural Materials
863
Studies on the performance of the spouted bed dryer for the dehydration of West Indian cherry pulp
O.L.S. Alsina, V.L.M. Morais, L.M.R. Lima, F.H.L. Soares
865
Simultaneous heat and mass transfer during the drying of the soybean seeds in a crossflow moving bed
M.A.S. Barrozo, D.J.M. Sartori, J.T. Freire
873
Experimental analysis of heat and mass transfer during grape air drying
S. Azzouz, A. Guizani, A. Belguith
881
Some features of microwave drying of corn and potato samples
J. Beke, A.S. Mujumdar, M. Giroux
888
Characteristics drying curves and desorption isotherm of Malaysian paddy
W.R.W. Daud, M.N.H. Sarker, M.Z.M. Talib
897
Intermittent drying of agricultural materials
I. Farkas, Z. Rendik
905
Drying kinetics of cauliflower florets
J. Garcia-Reverter, A. Berna, F. Chinesta, M.A. Girona, A. Mulet
913
Persimmons drying with the aid of electrically controlled dryer - a case study of persimmons drying at Toyama Prefecture in Japan
S. Hayashi
921
Heat and mass transfer in potato during drying
Y.-B. Li, D.-Y. Liu, Y.-R. Bai, Y.-Ch. Qin
929
Study of the silkworm cocoon drying kinetic
A.G.B. de Lima, S.F. da Mata
937
Kinetics of drying up of apple slices in natural convection conditions
E. Kaminski, M. Szarycz, L. Janowicz, S. Peron, Z. Zdrojewski
943
Drying coffee beans in vibrated trays dryer
J.R.D. Finzer, E.A. Menezes, J.R. Limaverde
950
Calculation of stress in brown rice kernel during drying and moisture adsorption processes
S. Yamaguchi, H. Kawasaki, T. Yamamoto, T. Fujikagi, N. Yamashita
957
Modelling convection drying of apple
P.P. Lewicki, K. Korczak
965
The drying characteristics of pigeon peas (Cajanus Cajan)
D.R. McGaw, J. Jairam
973
Quality and physical structure of dehydrated starch-based system
W.A.M. McMinn, T.R.A. Magee
981
The moisture sorption isotherms of Omani dates
R. Myhara, M. Taylor, I. Al-Bulushi
989
Drying of vegetable seeds in vibrated fluid bed
J.Z. Pang, W.B. Hu, L.J. Zhao, Y.K. Pan
997
Beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) characteristic drying curve
K.J. Park, L.F.T. Alonso, L.F.G. Godoi
1001
The drying parameters to obtain red dry ginger (dried sho-ga)
K.J. Park, L.F.T. Alonso, F.E.X. Murr, C.M.S. Scavroni, R.A. Rodrigues
1009
Effect of a tempering period on drying of carrot in a vibro-fluidized bed
Y.K. Pan, H. Wu, Z.Y. Li, A.S. Mujumdar, T. Kudra
1016
Desorption isotherms of red ginger (sho-ga): experimental determination and evaluation of mathematical models
K.J. Park, L.F.T. Alonso, R.A. Rodrigues, C.M.S. Scavroni
1023
Grated coconut characteristic drying curve
K.J. Park, F.P.R. Brod, J.E.A.R. Da Silva
1029
The influence of temperature's sudden changes on the drying kinetics of apples
D. Piotrowski, A. Lenart
1037
Theoretical and experimental analysis of the drying kinetics of bananas
M. R. Queiroz, S.A. Nebra
1045
Effect of pre-treatment on air drying rate and thin layer drying kinetics of fresh cherry
M.S. Rahman, C.O. Perera
1053
Water retention in potato: equilibrium moisture content and isosteric heats
E.S. Sánchez, N. SanJuan, A. Femenia, S. Simal, C. Rosell?
1061
Drying kinetics of moscatel cultivar grapes
N. Sanjuán, M.V. Bermejo, D. Vivanco, J. Cańellas, A. Mulet
1069
The drying behavior and quality of the herb, shado beni (Eryngium foetidum Linn.) as affected by temperature and blanching treatments
C.K. Sankat, V. Maharaj
1077
Experimental investigation of heat and mass transfer during poppy seed drying in a vibrofluidized bed
M.B. Stakic, J.J. Vodnik, V.M. Turanjanin
1085
Measurement and analysis of moisture changes in agricultural products using FFT noise impedance spectroscopy
K. Toyoda, H. Kojima, S. Miyomoto, R. Takeuchi
1093
Retention of vitamin C in dried guava
D. Luo, M.S. Uddin, M.N.A. Hawlader
1101
Experimental investigations of beet pulp drying in superheated steam under pressure
K. Urbaniec, J. Malczewski
1107
Simulation of the contact-convective drying of potato pulp on inert balls
S. Peron, Z. Zdrojewski, E. Kaminski, M. Szarycz
1114
Drying of medicinal plants with solar energy utilisation
G. Wisniewski
1121
Changes in dimensions of corn during drying
Z. Zdrojewski, S. Peron, E. Kaminski, M. Szarycz
1129
Section VIII.
Drying of Paper
1135
Experimental study and modelling of binder migration during drying of a paper coating
Ph. Bernada, D. Bruneau
1137
Temperature measurements during impulse drying of paper
R. Krook, S. Stenström
1149
Dynamic modelling and simulation of paper machine drying section
A. Niemenmaa, J. Lappalainen, K. Juslin, I. Laukkanen
1157
Modelling and correlating the permeability of pulp and paper
L. Nilsson, S. Stenström
1165
Effect of blow boxes on evaporation during cylinder contact in a paper machine dryer section
J.T. Paltakari, M.A. Karlsson, O.N. Timofeev
1173
Possibilities for capacity increase in dryer limited paperboard machines
H. Persson, S. Stenström
1181
The effect of drying temperature on quality of paper
N.A. Poirier, I.I. Pikulik
1189
The integrated paper machine dewatering simulation model (IPM)
M. Riepen, A.M.J. Sinon, B.M.P. Mulder
1197
A drying model for coated paper to improve printing properties
P. Rajala, M. Karlsson
1205
Effect of the drying conditions on the paper surface quality
A. Klepaczka, W. Tarnawski
1212
Section IX.
Drying of Pharmaceuticals and Biomaterials
1219
An experimental approach of microwave or vacuum drying of pharmaceutical powders
B. Baillon, J.-R. Puiggali, M. Roques, J. Schwartzentruber
1221
The preparation of recombinant human deoxyribonuclease powder: comparative studies of spray-drying versus lyophilization and application of microwave drying
Ch.C. Hsu, S.S. Wu, A.J. Walsh
1229
Protection of thermo- and xero-labile materials during thermal drying
X.D. Liu, C. Strumillo, I. Zbicinski
1237
Freeze dried proteins: the effect of formulation on process design and product stability
M.J. Pikal
1245
Drying properties of Ejiao
Z. Kairui, Z. Pakowski
1255
Stabilizing effect on freeze-dried proteins by amorphous matrices of sugars
T. Suzuki, K. Imamura, K. Yamamoto, M. Okazaki
1261
Effect of carbohydrates and proteins on enzyme stabilization during drying
S. Yamamoto
1267
Formulation of liquids to be spray-dried
L. Busin, J.J. Bimbenet, P. Buisson, M.N. Bellon-Fontaine, M. Sionneau
1275
Mathematical modelling of the primary and secondary drying stages of bulk solution freeze-drying in trays parameter estimation and model discrimination by comparison of theoretical results with experimental data
H. Sadikoglu, A.I. Liapis
1284
Section X.
Drying of Chemicals and Advanced Materials
1285
Experimental infrared drying study of a model water-based epoxy-amine painting coated on iron support
D. Blanc, P. Laurent, J.F. Gérard, J. Andrieu
1287
Pore evolution and solvent transport during drying of gelled sol-gel coatings: predicting "springback"
R.A. Caincross, P.R. Schunk, K.S. Chen, S.S. Prakash, J. Samuel, A.J. Hurd, C.J. Brinker
1295
Heat and mass transfer with polycondensation in resin film during drying
Y. Itaya, N. Bessho, Y. Ito, M. Hasatani
1303
Drying characteristics of polybutadiene rubber
R.S. Ruiz, L. Serrano, M.G. Vizcarra, C. Martinez
1311
Effect of electric field on drying kinetics of ceramic mass
A. Wolny, R. Kaniuk
1319
Simulation model for industrial dryers: reduction of drying times of ceramics & saving energy
J.F.M. Velthuis
1323
Convective drying study of a polyurethane-based model paint coated on plastic support (S.M.C.)
S. Vessot, P. Laurent, J. Andrieu, J.F. Gérard
1329
Binary diffusion ethanol-liquid CO2 during low temperature supercritical drying of the silica gel P. Wawrzyniak, G.Rogacki, Z. Bartczak 1337
Drying system for sodium cyanide
S.K. Goyel, P.K. Arora
1343
Drying characteristics of polyester chips, product quality and state of the art drying system
R.M. Shah, P.K. Arora
1351
Two fluid nozzles and their application in spray drying of E-PVC
R.M. Shah, P.K. Arora
1361
Near infrared drying of coatings: case of immiscible solvents
S. Le Person, J.-R. Puiggali, M. Roques, M. Baron, L. Liorzou
1367
Section XI.
Automation in Drying
1375
Coupling the dynamics and drying technologies in reaching the optimal drying process
M. Blagojevic, M. Stefanovic, M. Stakic, J. Vodnik, M. Urosevic
1377
Cycled pressure control for an efficient microwave heating in freeze drying
J. Izkara, J.I. Lombrana
1385
Modelling and control of drying processes using neural networks
S. Jay, T. Oliver
1393
Grain drying optimisation at low temperatures
J.B. Soares, S.A. Nebra, P. de Barros Correia
1401
Discrete optimal control heat exchange and drying processes - a Hamiltonian structure
Z. Szwast, S. Sieniutycz
1409
Non-linear optimal control of batch corn dryer
I.C. Trelea, F. Courtois, G. Trystram
1417
Moisture profile correction of a product dried on a drum dryer using an inductive heater
J. Vasseur, F. Courtois, G. Rodriguez
1425
Dynamic and hybrid neural model of thermal drying in a fluidized bed
I. Zbicinski, W. Kaminski, K. Ciesielski, P. Strumillo
1433
Section XII.
Late Submissions
1441
Mathematical modeling of multi-size particles movement in a pneumatic conveying dryer
L. Cornejo, A. Merino, P. Quintana, J. Rodriguez
1443
Evaluation of different methods of drying on the quality of oyster mushroom (Pleurotus L. sp)
L.Gothandapani, K. Parvathy, Z. John Kennedy
1449
Experiments regarding the drying process of pulverulent materials with humidity caused by several compounds
G. Jinescu, C. Tebrencu, E. Ionescu
1457
On the mechanism of evaporatin of water from a non-hygroscopic porous medium
M.T. Lee
1467
High-temperature grain drying involving bursting in gas suspension counterjets
V.L. Meltser, P.S. Kuts
1472
Mathematical modeling of formation of microstructure of particles at dewatering of drops of colling systems of polymers during spray-drying
N.V. Menshutina, E.A. Nikulina, D.A. Sutyrin, E.V. Shehova, V.V. Vetohin
1477
The effect of drying conditions on the quality of West Indian nutmegs
D.R. McGaw, I. Chang-Yen, R. Sookram
1482
Studies on stifling and drying of cocoons for longer storage
K. Thangavel, P.T. Palaniswamy, L. Gothandapani
1487
Analysis of heat and mass transfer phenomena in rotary steam tube dryers
G. Riquelme D., C. González, D. Millán
1491
Parameter estimation in convective drying of cocoa beans
C. Carrčre-Gée, D. Lecomte, P.J. Fotso, O. Fudym
1499
Shape evolution and drying stresses in a product for a quality objective
I. Mrani, G. Fras, J.C. Bénet, Z. Zrikem
1508
Intensification of drying of thermosensitive materials
A. A. Dolinski
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Interdependent heat and mass transfer during drying of coatings and thin materials
V.I. Konovalov, E.N. Tugolukov, N.Z. Gatapova
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